Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
In the last few decades, cardiac surgery has undergone amazing advancements, thanks to new discoveries in the fields of diagnosis, anesthesiology and intensive care as well as to the development of lesser and lesser invasive techniques, achieved by means of technological innovation in medical devices.
This has allowed us to operate on older and sicker patients with associated pathologies, obtaining results that we could not even foresee years ago.
Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery is performed through very small incisions and it is aimed at avoiding full sternotomy (i.e. the complete opening of the chest) and extra-corporeal circulation, in case of coronary artery disease treatment.
The advantages of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery, compared to a traditional open-chest surgery, are numerous:
- Reduced surgical trauma
- Reduced blood loss, with very low incidence of transfusions
- Less pain and less stress
- Improved respiratory function
- Early mobilization with shorter hospital stay
- Faster recovery and quick return to normal life (including work)
- Excellent cosmetic results
- Comparable medium and long term clinical results
- Easier future re-operations, if ever needed
Minimally Invasive Surgery can be performed for the following diseases:
- Aortic valve & aortic root diseases
- Mitral valve disease
- Tricuspid valve disease
- Ascending aorta aneurysm
- Coronary artery disease, including endoscopic vein harvesting
- Congenital heart diseases
- HCM (Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy)
- Cardiac tumors (myxomas)
- Cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation)
With a minimally invasive approach, we can also treat multiple valves at the same time (for ex. aortic&mitral or mitral&tricuspid) through the same incision, as well as valvulopaties associated to coronary artery disease with a hybrid technique (minimally invasive surgery to correct the valve defect and coronary angioplasty with percutaneous technique).